Stora Enso's main raw material, wood, comes from European forests and eucalyptus plantations in Uruguay, Brazil, and China. Sustainable forest and plantation management helps us secure the long-term availability of this renewable resource.
Opportunities and challenges
As trees absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and – together with wood-based products – act as carbon sinks, wood represents a renewable alternative to many non-renewable materials. If forests and plantations are managed sustainably, new generations of trees replace those that are logged, sequestering more CO2 from the atmosphere.
Global warming entails both physical challenges and opportunities in relation to forests and plantations, due to changing patterns of temperature, wind, and rainfall. Well-managed forests can make entire ecosystems more resilient to negative impacts, and benefit from positive ones. Global challenges such as population growth, increasing demand for agricultural land, and the widening gap between the supply and demand for wood, all require us to use natural resources even more efficiently.
How we work
Our approach to responsible forest and tree plantation management takes into account the economic, social, and environmental aspects of sustainability.
We know the origin of all the wood we use: 100% comes from sustainable sources. We use various tools to ensure this, including forest certification and third-party traceability systems such as the Forest Stewardship Council's ®1
(FSC) Chain of Custody/Controlled Wood scheme, the Chain of Custody/Due Diligence System of the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), and the ISO 14001 environmental management standard. We always ensure that the forests and plantations we harvest wood from are duly regenerated.
In 2016, 90% of Stora Enso's wood came from managed semi-natural forests in Europe, while 10% originated from plantations.
We are active members of numerous local and global forestry associations, networks, and programmes, including the Forest Solutions Group
(FSG) of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, The Forests Dialogue
(TFD), and the WWF's New Generation Plantations
Our wood procurement in 2016
In 2016, 90% of the lands owned and managed by Stora Enso were covered by certification systems. The target is to reach 96% coverage by the end of 2017. The share of certified wood in our total wood supply (37.6 million m3 in 2016, solid under bark) was 83%.
We actively work to increase the use of forest certification in areas where we purchase wood. In Russia and Brazil, for example, we promote group certification to encourage more suppliers and farmers to join these systems. In Russia, we work together with WWF Russia on group certifications, which now cover a total area of 940 000 hectares. In Brazil, dual forest certificates had been obtained by 71 farmers by the end of 2016, totalling 37 876 hectares, including 16 147 hectares planted with eucalyptus.
1 Trademark license number (Stora Enso Communications) FSC-N001919.