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Committed to sustainable forestry

Forests, Plantations & Land Use

Stora Enso's main raw material, wood, comes from European forests and eucalyptus plantations in Uruguay, Brazil, and China. Sustainable forest and plantation management helps us secure the long-term availability of this renewable resource.


Opportunities and challenges 
As trees absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and – together with wood-based products – act as carbon sinks, wood represents a renewable alternative to many non-renewable materials. If forests and plantations are managed sustainably, new generations of trees replace those that are logged, absorbing more CO2 from the atmosphere.

Global warming entails both physical challenges and opportunities in relation to forests and plantations, due to changing patterns of temperature, wind, and rainfall. Well-managed forests can make entire ecosystems more resilient to negative impacts, and benefit from positive ones. Global challenges such as population growth, increasing demand for agricultural land, and the widening gap between the supply and demand for wood, all require us to use natural resources even more efficiently.

Our policies
Stora Enso’s policy on Wood and Fibre Sourcing, and Land Management guides our work in relation to forestry and land use, covering the entire cycle of forest management. Other policies and guidelines that that promote sustainable forestry include Stora Enso’s Environmental guidelinesCode of Conduct and Supplier Code of Conduct.



How we work
Our approach to responsible forest and tree plantation management takes into account the economic, social, and environmental aspects of sustainability.

We know the origin of all the wood we use: 100% comes from sustainable sources. We use various tools to ensure this, including forest certification and third-party traceability systems such as the Forest Stewardship Council's ®1 (FSC) Chain of Custody/Controlled Wood scheme, the Chain of Custody/Due Diligence System of the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), and the ISO 14001 environmental management standard. We always ensure that the forests and plantations we harvest wood from are duly regenerated.

In 2017, 88% of Stora Enso's wood came from managed semi-natural forests in Europe, while 12% originated from plantations.

We are active members of numerous local and global forestry associations, networks, and programmes, including the Forest Solutions Group (FSG) of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, The Forests Dialogue (TFD), and the WWF's New Generation Plantations (NGP) platform.
Our wood procurement in 2017


In 2017, 92% of the lands owned and managed by Stora Enso were covered by certification systems. Our target was to reach 96% coverage by the end of 2017.The KPI will be redefined and a new target set to reflect this during 2018.The share of certified wood in our total wood supply (37.5 million m3 in 2017, solid under bark) was 85%.

We actively work to increase the use of forest certification in areas where we purchase wood. In Russia and Brazil, for example, we promote group certification to encourage more suppliers and farmers to join these systems. In Russia, we work together with WWF Russia on group certifications, which now cover a total area of 1 336 000 hectares. In Brazil, dual forest certificates had been obtained by 74 farmers by the end of 2017, totalling 37 831 hectares, including 15 895 hectares planted with eucalyptus.

1 Trademark license number (Stora Enso Communications) FSC-N001919.