Spruce seedling

Sustainability targets and key performance indicators (KPIs)

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Sustainability topic Key performance indicator (KPI) 2023 2022 2021 Targets Progress comment
Transition to a circular bioeconomy
Climate Reduction of production units’ absolute fossil CO2e emissions (Scope 1 and 2) -41% -27% -13% −50% by the end of 2030 from the 2019 baseline year On track – during 2023, Scope 1 & 2 emissions decreased mainly as a consequence of lower production volumes as well as site and production line closures.
Reduction of absolute fossil CO2e emissions in supply chain, transportation, and customer operations (Scope 3) -34% -24% 3% −50% by the end of 2030 from the 2019 baseline On track – during 2023, Scope 3 emissions decreased mainly as a consequence of lower production volumes as well as site and production line closures.
Circularity % of technically recyclable products 94% 94% 94% 100% by the end of 2030 On track – stable performance with a focus on recyclability in product development.
Biodiversity % of the owned and leased lands in wood production and harvesting covered by forest certification schemes 99% 99% 99% Maintain at least the coverage level of 96% Achieved – the certification coverage has remained high. The reporting on biodiversity is complemented with specific biodiversity indicators.
Responsible business practices
Materials, residuals and waste Process residuals utilisation rate (%) 99% 99% 98% Maintain a minimum utilisation level of 98% Achieved – stable performance with a high utilisation rate of process residuals.
Energy Projected energy savings, % (MWh saved/ MWh total energy used, electricity, heat and fuels) -0.7% -1.1% -0.6% -1.1% annual energy saving until 2030 Not achieved – projected energy savings below target, focus on optimisation of energy efficiency with targeted measures at production sites
Water Process water discharge per saleable tonne of board, pulp, and paper (m3/t) 35 34 33 Reduce specific process water discharges by 17% by 2030 from the 2019 baseline year (36 m3/t)
Behind  lower production volumes are currently adversely affecting the performance per saleable tonne, as a regular water flow needs to be maintained, particularly in wastewater treatment.
Total water withdrawal per saleable tonne of board, pulp, and paper (m3/t) 61 57 54 Decreasing trend from the 2016 baseline (60m3) Not achieved – performance impacted by lower production volumes (see above).
Environmental incidents Number of significant non-compliance events 14 16 8 Zero non-compliance events Not achieved – significant non-compliance events occurred despite prevention measures. Increased management focus was placed on the topic.
Employees Diversity and inclusion: % of female managers among all managers 24% 23% 23% 25% by the end of 2024 On track  at the end of 2023, the share of female managers was 24%, progressing in line with the target set for 2024. Efforts continue to further enhance diversity and inclusion.
Safety Total Recordable Incident (TRI) rate 4.7 5.9 6.2 Milestone of 4.9 by the end of 2023 Achieved – target was exceeded by prioritising preventive safety measures and reinforcing divisions’ accountability on improving performance.
Business ethics Ethics and Compliance Index 8.9 8.7 n/a Positive trend Achieved – improved score in the Ethics and Compliance Index.
Human rights Implementation of human rights due diligence programme Implementing pilot phase findings into operations and processes 3 pilots targeting key risk areas Continuous improvements Ensure efficient implementation of human rights due diligence programme. On track – continued focus on human rights due diligence.
Community Community Investment (CI): % of working hours and in-kind in the total CI 39% 41% 42% Increase to 70% by 2023 while also increasing the total CI Not achieved – in 2023, the Community Investment target was closed. A new measurement reflecting the decentralised operating model is under consideration.
Sustainable sourcing % of supplier spend covered by our Supplier Code of Conduct 95% 96% 96% Maintain a minimum coverage level of 95% Achieved – slight decline in the coverage level of the SCoC, but performance remains on target.

For detailed accounting principles and possible restatements of historical figures, see our Annual Report. Quarterly performance on a set of sustainability indicators is reported in the Group's interim reports. 

Definitions and calculation of key sustainability figures

GHG emissions, Scope 1 + 2
Direct absolute CO2e emissions from production (Scope 1) and indirect absolute CO2e emissions related to purchased electricity and heat (Scope 2). Excluding joint operations. Calculated in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol of the World Resource Institute (WRI). 

GHG emissions, Scope 3
Absolute CO2e emissions from other sources along the value chain of all production units are estimated based on the most recent methodology. Joint operations included as suppliers. Accounting based on guidelines provided by the Greenhouse Gas Protocol and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD).

Share of technically recyclable products
The proportion of technically recyclable products based on production volumes as tonnes. Technical recyclability is defined by international standards and tests when available, and in the absence of these, by Stora Enso’s tests that prove recyclability. The reporting scope includes Stora Enso’s packaging, pulp, paper and solid wood products as well as biochemical by-products.

Forest certification coverage
The proportion of land in wood production and harvesting owned or leased by Stora Enso that is covered by forest certification schemes. Reporting on total land area and its forest certification coverage aligned with financial reporting on forests assets. 

Total water withdrawal and process water discharges per saleable tonne
Total water withdrawal includes process water and cooling and non-contact water intakes by board, pulp, and paper mills as cubic metres (m3). Process water discharges include the discharges of board, pulp, and paper mills as cubic metres (m3). The water withdrawal and discharges are normalised by dividing water m3 with the total production of board, pulp and paper as saleable tonnes (t) during the same period.

TRI (Total recordable incidents) rate
Number of incidents per one million hours worked. Including joint operations, but excluding De Jong Packaging Group. 

Supplier Code of Conduct (SCoC) coverage
The share of supplier spend (rolling 12 months) covered by the Supplier Code of Conduct (SCoC). Excludes joint operations, intellectual property rights, leasing fees, financial trading, government fees such as customs, and wood purchases from private individual forest owners. Excluding De Jong Packaging Group.

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