Forests, plantations, and land use

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Sustainable forest and plantation management help us secure the long-term availability of wood – our renewable raw material. Our wood comes from European forests and eucalyptus plantations in Uruguay, Brazil, and China.



In 2017, 92% of the lands owned and managed by Stora Enso were covered by certification systems. Our target was to reach 96% coverage by the end of 2017.The KPI will be redefined and a new target set to reflect this during 2018.The share of certified wood in our total wood supply (37.5 million m3 in 2017, solid under bark) was 85%.

We actively work to increase the use of forest certification in areas where we purchase wood. In Russia and Brazil, for example, we promote group certification to encourage more suppliers and farmers to join these systems. In Russia, we work together with WWF Russia on group certifications, which now cover a total area of 1 336 000 hectares. In Brazil, dual forest certificates had been obtained by 74 farmers by the end of 2017, totalling 37 831 hectares, including 15 895 hectares planted with eucalyptus.

How we work

Our approach to responsible forest and tree plantation management takes into account the economic, social, and environmental aspects of sustainability.

We know the origin of all the wood we use: 100% comes from sustainable sources. We use various tools to ensure this, including forest certification and third-party traceability systems such as the Forest Stewardship Council's 1 (FSC) Chain of Custody/Controlled Wood scheme, the Chain of Custody/Due Diligence System of the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), and the ISO 14001 environmental management standard. We always ensure that the forests and plantations we harvest wood from are duly regenerated.

In 2017, 88% of Stora Enso's wood came from managed semi-natural forests in Europe, while 12% originated from plantations.

We are an active member of numerous local and global forestry associations, networks, and programmes, including the Forest Solutions Group (FSG) of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, The Forests Dialogue (TFD), and the WWF's New Generation Plantations (NGP) platform.


Stora Enso wood procurement in 2017

 Stora Enso wood procurement 2017


Our policies

  • Wood and Fibre Sourcing, and Land Management Policy
  • Environmental guidelines
  • Code of Conduct
  • Supplier Code of Conduct

Opportunities and challenges

As trees absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and – together with wood-based products – act as carbon sinks, wood represents a renewable alternative to many non-renewable materials. If forests and plantations are managed sustainably, new generations of trees replace those that are logged, absorbing more CO2 from the atmosphere.

Global warming entails both physical challenges and opportunities in relation to forests and plantations, due to changing patterns of temperature, wind, and rainfall. Well-managed forests can make entire ecosystems more resilient to negative impacts, and benefit from positive ones. Global challenges such as population growth, increasing demand for agricultural land, and the widening gap between the supply and demand for wood, all require us to use natural resources even more efficiently.


1Trademark license number (Stora Enso Communications) FSC-N001919.




Group of peopleGroup of people

Human rights

Our commitment to respect human rights covers all our operations, including our employees, contractors, suppliers, and surrounding communities.