Forests, plantations, and land use

Sustainable forest and plantation management help us secure the long-term availability of wood – our renewable raw material. Our wood comes from European forests and eucalyptus plantations in Uruguay, Brazil, and China.


We follow our progress on responsible forestry with a key performance indicator measuring the proportion of land in wood production and harvesting owned and managed by Stora Enso that is covered by forest certification schemes. Our target is to maintain the high level of 96%. In 2019, coverage amounted to 98%.

The proportion of third-party certified wood in our total wood supply was 75% in 2019. As of 2018, the share of certified wood excludes externally delivered certified wood. This has decreased the certified share compared to previous years.

We actively work to increase the use of forest certification in areas where we purchase wood. In Russia and Brazil, for example, we promote group certification to encourage more suppliers and farmers to join these systems. In Russia, we work together with WWF Russia on group certifications, which covered a total area of 1.31 million hectares by the end of 2019. In Brazil, dual forest certificates had been obtained by 75 farmers by the end of 2019, totalling 38 000 hectares, including 16 000 hectares planted with eucalyptus.

How we work

Our approach to responsible forest and tree plantation management takes into account the economic, social, and environmental aspects of sustainability.

We know the origin of all the wood we use: 100% comes from sustainable sources. We use various tools to ensure this, including forest certification and third-party traceability systems such as the Forest Stewardship Council's 1 (FSC) Chain of Custody/Controlled Wood scheme, the Chain of Custody/Due Diligence System of the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), and the ISO 14001 environmental management standard. We always ensure that the forests and plantations we harvest wood from are duly regenerated.

In 2019, 87% of Stora Enso's wood came from managed semi-natural forests in Europe, while 13% originated from plantations.

We are an active member of numerous local and global forestry associations, networks, and programmes, including the Forest Solutions Group (FSG) of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, The Forests Dialogue (TFD), and the WWF's New Generation Plantations (NGP) platform. 

Our policies
  • Wood and Fibre Sourcing, and Land Management Policy
  • Environmental guidelines
  • Code of Conduct
  • Supplier Code of Conduct

Opportunities and challenges

Growing trees absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, and together with wood-based products act as carbon storage. Sustainable forest management ensures that new generations of trees replace those that are logged.

Global warming entails both physical challenges and opportunities in relation to forests and plantations, due to changing patterns of temperature, wind, and rainfall. Well-managed forests can make entire ecosystems more resilient to negative impacts, and benefit from positive ones. Global challenges such as population growth, increasing demand for agricultural land, and the widening gap between the supply and demand for wood, all require us to use natural resources even more efficiently, and to produce more raw materials from less land


1Trademark license number (Stora Enso Communications) FSC-N001919.




Group of peopleGroup of people

Human rights

Our commitment to respect human rights covers all our operations, including our employees, contractors, suppliers, and surrounding communities.